Where can I get more information about EVs?
For more information about an EV, such as pricing, charging specifications, batteries, safety and other vehicle details, visit the manufacturer's Website or contact their local authorized dealership.
How far can I drive an EV?
The driving range for BEV can be up to 100 miles. Typical all-electric range for PHEV is 10 to 40 miles, after which the gasoline engine will work to extend the driving range and additional 300 miles. PHEVs can also be filled up via the gas tank and driven like a traditional gasoline-powered car. The rule of thumb is that vehicle batteries provide about three to four miles of driving range for each kilowatt-hour of energy stored. For more information on EV range comparisons, click here
What are the installation costs for charging equipment?
Installation costs are determined by the type of charging station selected and any upgrades that may be needed to your home's electrical system. To receive estimates of installation costs or the cost of charging station equipment, simply contact an equipment manufacturer. A licensed electrician can provide costs for any needed electrical system upgrade.
What is the inspection and permitting process for installing a charging station in my garage?
Contact a licensed electrician and your local township or municipality to install charging equipment and to ensure compliance with all local inspections and permits.
What resources are available to assist me during an emergency when driving my EV?
Contact any EV manufacturer for available options.
How does the environmental impact of an EV compare to a gasoline-powered vehicle?
EVs produce very little carbon dioxide (CO) emissions. EVs create about 60 percent less carbon than gas-powered vehicles.
What are the maintenance needs of an EV?
Maintenance requirements for EVs can be significantly different than those of conventional vehicles. Consult your vehicle's owners manual or manufacturer for specific maintenance needs.
What is the process for installing EV stations in multi-family units?
Installation of EV charging stations in multi-family units, such as apartment complexes, is typically more complex and generally requires additional work to ensure that the electric facilities are properly equipped to handle EV charging. If your multi-family unit has common indoor (e.g., a parking garage) or outdoor parking spots, We recommend that you contact the Homeowners' Association (HOA) of your building to plan for the installation of EV charging equipment. If you park on a city street, you should contact your municipality about their plans for public parking EV charging stations.
As a Fleet Operator, why should I be interested in the EV market?
As a Fleet Manager, adding electric vehicles to your fleet's mix can lower your fleet's operational costs. Auto manufacturers are increasingly responding to the market demand and global interest of reducing oil dependency, greenhouse gases and fuel cost, by introducing a range of energy-efficient and low-emission electric-powered vehicles. This new wave of electric vehicles is great news for Fleet Managers because EVs can have fewer moving parts, are more energy efficient and are potentially less costly to operate and maintain.
How long will my EV battery last?
EV batteries are generally designed to last the life of the vehicle. Check with the EV manufacturer about battery warranties.
What are my charging options?
Two types of EV charging currently meet national Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standards:
Level 1 charging uses a standard, grounded, three-prong, 120-volt outlet with a ground fault circuit interrupter and also requires a 15- to 20 amp fuse or circuit breaker. The typical charge time for 40 miles of electric driving is 8 to 10 hours at Level 1. Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) with larger batteries and extended electric driving range may take as much as 12 to 21 hours to fully charge at Level 1.
Level 2 charging requires the installation of a 240-volt charging station (also known as electric vehicle supply equipment or EVSE) on a dedicated 40-amp circuit. Level 2 charging will typically charge an EV in about half the time of Level 1 and uses about the same amount of electricity as a central air conditioning unit when charging. This type of station may require upgrades to the home or building's electrical service.
Manufacturers also are working on fast-charging technologies that can recharge certain types of EVs in 30 minutes or less.
Who do I call to have an EV charging station installed for me?
Consult a licensed electrical contractor to plan and perform the electrical work needed to install and wire your charging station. Most EV auto manufacturers or authorized dealerships are able to recommend the type of residential charging station required and a qualified contractor. Or, visit the District of Columbia Board of Industrial Trades for the District of Columbia or Department of Labor Licensing and Regulation for Maryland to find a licensed electrical contractor.
When is the best time to charge my vehicle?
While you can charge your EV at any time, it is recommended that you charge your EV between 8 p.m. and 12:00 p.m. when there is less demand for electricity.
Can I charge my vehicle on a regular 120-volt outlet at home?
Yes, EVs can be charged on a standard 120-volt outlet. However, depending on the type of EV, your daily driving distance, and your charging time, you may find that Level 2 charging is a better fit for your lifestyle. This type of station may require upgrades to the home or building's electrical service.
How much will it cost to charge my EV?
The cost of charging an EV is different for everyone and will depend on several factors such as the type of EV, the size of your vehicle's battery, your electricity rate, and the distance you drive. You will be billed at Pepco's current price per kilowatt hour, or the price per kilowatt hour of your competitive supplier, plus Pepco's delivery charges.